Global Survey Using NASA Data Shows Dramatic Growth of Glacial Lakes

WASHINGTON, Aug. 31, 2020 — (PRNewswire) — In the largest-ever study of glacial lakes, researchers using 30 years of NASA satellite data have found that the volume of these lakes worldwide has increased by about 50% since 1990 as glaciers melt and retreat due to climate change.

nasa_logo

The findings, published in the journal Nature Climate Change, will aid researchers assessing the potential hazards to communities downstream of these often unstable lakes and help improve the accuracy of sea level rise estimates by advancing our understanding of how glacial meltwater is transported to the oceans.

Glaciers are retreating on a near-global scale and this study provides scientists with a clearer picture of how much of this water has been stored in lakes.

"We have known that not all meltwater is making it into the oceans immediately," said lead author Dan Shugar of the University of Calgary in Canada. "But until now there were no data to estimate how much was being stored in lakes or groundwater." The study estimates current glacial lake volumes total about 37.4 cubic miles (156 cubic kilometers) of water, the equivalent of about one-third the volume of Lake Erie.

Shugar and his collaborators from governments and universities in Canada, the United States, and the United Kingdom, working under a grant from NASA's High Mountain Asia Program, initially planned to use satellite imaging and other remote-sensing data to study two dozen glacial lakes in High Mountain Asia, the geographic region that includes the Tibetan Plateau and surrounding mountain ranges, including the Himalaya.

"We wrote scripts in Google Earth Engine, an online platform for very large analyses of geospatial data, to look only at High Mountain Asia, and then decided to look at all glacial lakes in the world," Shugar said. "From there, we were able to build a scaling relationship to estimate the volume of the world's glacial lakes based on the area of this large population of lakes."

The team ultimately analyzed more than 250,000 scenes from the Landsat satellite missions, a joint NASA/U.S. Geological Survey program. A decade ago it would not have been possible to process and analyze this volume of data. The team looked at the data in five time-steps beginning with 1990 to examine all the glaciated regions of the world except Antarctica and analyze how glacial lakes changed over that period.

Shugar points out that while water from melting glaciers is a relatively small contributor to overall sea level rise, it can have a major impact on mountain communities downstream of these glacial lakes.

Glacial lakes are not stable like the lakes in which most people are used to swimming or boating because they are often dammed by ice or glacial sediment called a moraine, which is composed of loose rock and debris that is pushed to the front and sides of glaciers. Rather, they can be quite unstable and can burst their banks or dams, causing massive floods downstream. These kinds of floods from glacial lakes, known as glacial lake outburst floods, have been responsible for thousands of deaths over the past century, as well as the destruction of villages, infrastructure, and livestock. A glacial lake outburst flood affected the Hunza Valley in Pakistan in May 2020.

"This is an issue for many parts of the world where people live downstream from these hazardous lakes, mostly in the Andes and in places like Bhutan and Nepal, where these floods can be devastating," Shugar said. "Fortunately, organizations like the United Nations are facilitating a lot of monitoring and some mitigation work where they're lowering the lakes to try and decrease the risks."

In North America, the risks posed by a glacial lake outburst flood are lower.

"We don't have much in the way of infrastructure or communities that are downstream," Shugar said. "But we're not immune to it."

For more information about NASA's Earth science programs, visit:

https://www.nasa.gov/earth

Cision View original content: http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/global-survey-using-nasa-data-shows-dramatic-growth-of-glacial-lakes-301121112.html

SOURCE NASA

Contact:
Company Name: NASA
Steve Cole, Headquarters, Washington, 202-358-0918
Email Contact Erin Guiltenane, University of Calgary, Alberta, 403-210-7584
Email Contact
Web: http://www.nasa.gov




Review Article Be the first to review this article


Jobs
GIS Analyst (Dallas Police) for City of Dallas at Dallas, Texas
GIS ANALYST I.8030200 for Dallas County at DALLAS, Texas
Geodesign Manager for Design Workshop at Aspen, Colorado
Failure Analysis Engineer for Flextronics at Milpitas, California
Mechanical Engineer for Flextronics at Milpitas, California
Upcoming Events
GIS-Pro 2020: A Virtual Experience at United States - Sep 29 - 2, 2020
Placekey - Coming October 2020 at United States - Oct 7, 2020
Earth Intelligence 2020 Summit at Virtual Alexandria VA - Oct 22, 2020
Earth Intelligence 2020 Summit. - Live Webinar at United States - Oct 22, 2020
University of Denver GIS Masters Degree Online
INTERGEO:



© 2020 Internet Business Systems, Inc.
670 Aberdeen Way, Milpitas, CA 95035
+1 (408) 882-6554 — Contact Us, or visit our other sites:
AECCafe - Architectural Design and Engineering EDACafe - Electronic Design Automation TechJobsCafe - Technical Jobs and Resumes  MCADCafe - Mechanical Design and Engineering ShareCG - Share Computer Graphic (CG) Animation, 3D Art and 3D Models
  Privacy PolicyAdvertise